General obligations of landlords and tenants

Landlord-tenant disputes are a common occurrence in the renting process, and many could be avoided if both parties were aware of their rights and responsibilities.

General obligations of tenants

Tenants should:

  • Pay rent on time.
  • Use reasonable care and not damage property.
  • Properly dispose of garbage.
  • Refrain from taking on additional occupants or subleasing without the landlord's written permission.

Landlords should:

  • Make property habitable before tenants move in.
  • Make and pay for repairs due to ordinary wear and tear.
  • Refrain from turning off a tenant's water, electricity or gas.
  • Provide written notice to tenants when ownership of the property is transferred to a new landlord.
  • Not unlawfully discriminate.

Complete Landlord-Tenant Brochure


A landlord may not evict a tenant without a court order. The landlord may begin eviction proceedings if a tenant:

  • Damages property.
  • Fails to pay rent.
  • Violates terms of the lease.
  • Injures the lessor or another tenant.
  • Allows drug-related criminal activity on the premises.
  • Fails to vacate at the end of the lease term.
  • Gambles illegally on the property.

The tenant will receive a notice that an eviction lawsuit has been filed and will have the opportunity to be heard in court before any eviction.


Q - How do I evict a tenant for none-payment of rent?

To evict a tenant for none-payment only, you need to submit a Petition for Non-Payment of Rent form with court costs and service fee.

Upon filing, you will be given a court date, generally within 15 business days. If the judge rules in your favor, you will be given a judgment of possession. If tenant fails to vacate the property, you can file an execution (service fee required) and the Sheriff's Department will stand-by while the eviction is enforced.


The Greater Springfield Apartment and Housing Association

Greater Springfield Board of Realtors, Inc